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首页 > 考试辅导 > 外语考试 > 英语词汇 > 英语四级词汇 > 大学英语四级词汇常用短语(2)

大学英语四级词汇常用短语(2)

in front of 在…前面,面对

be full of 充满

in full 充足,十足

to the full 完全地;彻底地

in full swing 活跃;正在全力进行

make fun of 取笑,嘲笑

for the future 从今以后,在今后

in future 今后,以后

in the future 将来

gain on 跑得比…快;逼近

generation gap 代沟

in general 通常,一般地说

get about 走动;旅行

get above oneself 变得自高自大

get across 使通过,使被理解

get along 过活;相处融洽;进展

get along with 与…友好相处;有进展

get around 规避(法律等);走动

get at 到达;了解;查明

get away 逃脱;离开;出发

get by 通过;走过,侥幸躲过

get down 从…下来;下车;写下

get down to 开始认真考虑或对待

get in 收获;收(税等);抵达

get into 对…发生兴趣;卷入

get into the act 插手…以便得到好处

get off 下车;离开;开始

get on 骑上(马等);过活

get on to 知道;意识到

get on with 与…友好相处;继续干

get one's hands on 得到,找到;占有

get out 离去;(消息等)泄漏

get out of 逃避;摆脱;改掉

get over 克服(困难等)

get the better of 占上风;克服;抑制

get through 到达;完成;接通电话

get together 聚集;会面;装配

get up 起床;爬上;达到

give away 泄露(秘密等);增送

give back 归还;恢复;后退

give birth 使诞生;生(孩子)

give in 投降;交上去;听任

give off 发出或放出(蒸气等)

give out 分发;发出(气味等)

give rise to 产生;引起

give up 放弃;投降;抛弃

give way to 让位于;给…让路

go about 从事,着手做;闲逛

go after 追逐,追求;设法得到

go ahead 前进,领先;取得进展

go all out 全力以赶;鼓足干劲

go along with 赞同;附合,支持

go around (消息)流传;足够分配

go back on 违背,毁(约)

go by 走过,放过;依照

go down 下去;(船等)下沉

go for 为…去;努力获取

go in for 从事于;酷爱;追求

go into 进入;投入;调查

go into action 开始行动

go off 离去;去世;被发射

go off with 拿去;抢走;拐走

go on 继续下去,进行;接近

go out 走出(房间等);罢工

go out of one's way 特别费心(做事)

go over 检查;从头至尾温习

go through 经历;完成;检查

go together 相配;恋爱

go up 上升;(物价等)上涨

go with 与…持同一看法;伴随

go without 不享受

as good as 和…几乎一样

be good at 善于,擅长于

for good 永久地;一劳永逸地

good for 有效的;值…;胜任

grasp at 向…抓去,想抓住

on the grounds of 以…为理由;根据

grow on (习惯)加深对…的影响

grow up 成熟;成年;逐渐形成

guarantee against 保证…不…

on guard 站岗,值班

on one's guard 警惕,警戒;提防

be in the habit of 有…习惯(或脾气)

do one's hair (女子)做头发

do up one's hair (女子)梳理头发

lose one's hair 脱发;发脾气

in half 成两半

at hand 在手边;在附近

by hand 用手;用手工的

in hand 现有在手头;在进行中

on hand 现有;在手边;临近

hand down 把…传下来;传给

hand in 交上;递上,交进

hand in hand 手拉手;联合

hand on 传下来,依次传递

hand out 分派;把…拿出来

hand over 交出,移交;让与

shake hands with 与…握手

take a hand in 参加;帮助

hang about 闲荡;聚在…临近

hang on 抓紧不放;坚持下去

hang on to 紧紧握住

hang up 把…挂起来;挂断

happen to 碰巧

happen on 巧遇;偶然发现

be hard on sb. 过于严厉对待某人

be hard up 短缺,在急需中

go hard with sb. 使某人为难(或痛苦)

hardly any 几乎没有

hardly...when... 刚…就…

have a ball 玩得高兴

have a good time 过得快乐,玩得高兴

have back 要回,收回

have no business 没有权力或理由做某事

have on 穿着;有事;进行

have to 不得不;必须

have to do with 与…有关;和…打交道

head for 朝…方向走去

head on 迎面地,正面地

head up 在…上加盖子

keep one's head 保持镇静

lose one's head 慌乱;被砍头

in good health 身体好

hear of 听到,听说

hear from 接到…的信

at heart 在内心里;实质上

by heart 熟记,牢记,凭记忆

heart and soul 全心全意地,完全地

heart to heart 坦率地

learn by heart 记住,背诵

lose heart 丧失勇气(或信心)

lose one's heart to 心被…俘去,爱上

in the heat of 在(辩论)最激烈的时候

at sb.'s heels 紧跟在某人的后面

take to one's heels 逃走,逃之夭夭

under the heel of 在…统治下,被…践踏

can not help 情不自禁,忍不住

help oneself 自取所需(食物等)

help sb. out 帮助,帮忙

help sb. with sth. 在…帮助某人

with the help of 在…的帮助下

here and now 此时此地

here and there 到处,各处;偶然

get hold of 一把抓住;掌握;得到

hold...against 记恨

hold back 踌躇,退缩不前,阻止

hold down 压制;抑制(热情等)

hold in 约束,抑制

hold office 担任公职

hold on 握住不放;坚持下去

hold on to 紧紧抓住;控制,克制

hold oneself in 尽力不叫

hold one's own 坚守住,不被打败

hold out 伸出;坚持;支持

hold up 举起;耽搁;抢劫

hold water (容器等)盛得住水

lay hold of 握住;控制住;占有

at home 在家,在国内;自在

in one's honour 向…表示敬意

keep house 管理家务;做家务

how about? …如何?…怎么样?

hurry up (使)赶快;迅速完成

in a hurry 匆忙;立即,很快地

break the ice 打破沉默

identify with 认为…等同于

if only 只要;要是…就好

be ignorant of 对…不知道(了解)

attach importance to 重视

of importance 重要,具有重要意义

improve on 对…作出改进;超过

be in for 参加(竞赛、考试等)

in and out 进进出出

be inferior to (质量等)比…差

 
 inquire about 询问,打听

inquire after 问起(某人)的健康情况

inquire for 询问(商店、地点等)

for instance 例如,比如,举例说

instead of 代替;而不是…

by instinct 凭(靠)本能

in the interest of 为了…的利益,为了

take interest in 对…感(产生)兴趣

interfere in 干涉,干预

interfere with 打扰(某人),妨碍

at intervals 不时;相隔一定的距离

at regular intervals 每隔一定时间(距离)

as it is 事实上,既然如此

as it were 似乎,可以说是

by itself 自动地;单独地

in itself 本质上,就其本身而言

of itself 自行(到来)

jet lag 时差反应

do a good job 好好干;干得好

join hands with 互相合作,携起手来

join in 参加(活动)

join up 参军,入伍;联合起来

play a joke on sb. 开某人的玩笑

judging by 从…判断

jump at 急忙接受,立即抓住

jump off 开始,开始进攻

just about 差不多,几乎

just as 正象;正当…的时候

just the same 完全一样

do justice 公平对待;和…酷似

be keen about 喜爱,对…着迷

be keen on 喜爱;渴望

keep away 站开;使离开

keep back 留在后面;阻止;隐瞒

keep company with 和…交往

keep down 控制;压服;缩减开支

keep from 阻止;使免于;隐瞒

keep in mind 记住

keep off 避开;不让…接近

keep on 继续进行,反复地做

keep out of 躲开,(使)置身…之外

keep to 坚持;固守(习惯等)

keep to oneself 保守秘密,不与人来往

keep under 压制;控制

keep up 继续;坚持,维持

keep up with 跟上,不落后

kill off 消灭,杀光

kind of (状语)有点儿,有几分

bend one's knee to 向…跪下,屈服于

drop to one's knees 跪下

fall on one's knees 跪下(请求等)

knock down 撞倒;击落;拆除

knock off 把…敲掉;击倒;停工

knock out 敲空;(拳击中)击倒

know about 了解,知道…的情况

know better than 很懂得(而不至于)

be known as 以…知名;被认为是

be known for 因…而众所周知

be known to 为…所知

labour along 缓慢而费力地前进

for lack of 因缺乏;因没有

have no lack of 不缺乏

at large 完全地;详尽地

at last 最终,终于

at the latest 最迟,至迟

early and late 从早到晚

no later than 不迟于…

laugh at 因…而发笑;嘲笑

laugh off 用笑摆脱(困境等)

laugh over 笑着谈论

launch out (船)下水;开始新事情

lay aside 把…放在一边;储存

lay down 放下;铺设(铁路)

lay off 停止;(临时)解雇

lay out 花费;布置;摆开

lay over 涂,覆盖;压倒

lay up 贮存,储蓄;暂停使用

lead to 通向,导致;引起

lead up to 把…一直带领到;导致

take the lead 为首,领先

learn from 学习,向…学习

learn of 听到;获悉…的事

learn off 记熟,背下来

at least 至少,最低限度

in the least 一点(也不),丝毫(不)

leave alone 不管,不理会;不打扰

leave behind 丢弃;留下;忘记携带

leave off (使)停止;停下来

leave out 忽略,遗漏;省略

take leave of 向…告别

at length 最后,终于

go to great lengths 竭尽全力

no less than 和…一样,不少于…

none the less (尽管…)仍然

let alone 不干涉;不碰

let down 放下;降低;使…失望

let go 放开;释放;发射

let in 让…进入;放…出来

let off 放(炮);开(枪);宽恕

let out 放掉(水等),发出

let up 减小;(雨等)渐渐停止

on a level with 和…同一水准

lie down 躺下;(故意)躺下不干

lie in 在于;分娩;睡懒觉

lie on 依赖;压迫;折磨(人)

lie over 等待以后处理

lie up 卧床;(船)入坞

in light of 按照,根据;鉴于

all one's life 一生,一辈子

bring to life 使苏醒

come to life 苏醒过来

for life 终身

to the life 逼真地,维妙维肖

throw light on sth. 解释,阐明

light up 照亮;点(烟)

make light of 轻视,藐视

set light by 轻视

and the like 等等,以及诸如此类

like any thing 象什么似地;拼命地

limber up 使柔软;柔和一下身体

go beyond the limit 超过限度

to the limit 到顶点,到最大限度

within limits 在一定范围之内

without limits 无限(制)地

in line 成一直线;整齐;一致

in line with 跟…一致;符合

line up 排队,使排成一行

link up 把…连(衔)接起来

on the lips of 在…中流传

listen for 等着听…(的声音)

listen into 收听;监听;偷听

listen to 听,倾听

a little 一些,少许;一点儿

after a little 过了一会儿

by little and little 一点一点地,逐渐地

little by little 一点一点地,逐渐地

not a little 许多,很

live off 住在…之外;靠…生活

live on 靠…生活;以…为食

live out 活过(某一段时间)

live through 经历过;度过;经受住

live up to 无愧于;做到;符合

live with 接受;忍受;承认

be located in 位于…,坐落在…

lock oneself in 把自己关在里面

lock out 把…关在外面

as long as 达…之外,长达

at longest (把日期)至多,最晚

before long 不久以后

in the long run 从长远来看,最后

long before 在…以前很久

long for 渴望

long since 很久以前;很久以来

no longer 不再,已不

so long as 只要,如果;既然

look after 照顾;目送;负责处理

look at 看着;注视;察看

look back 回顾;回想;停止不前

look down on 蔑视,看不起

look for 寻找,寻求;指望

look forward to 盼望,期待;预期

look in 顺便看望,顺便访问

look into 观察;调查;窥视

look on 旁观;观看;面向

look out 留神;朝外看;照料

look over 从…上面看过去;检查

look round 掉头看;观光;察看

look through (从头至尾)浏览;温习

look to 照管;留心;指望

look up 向上看;查出

look up to sb. 尊敬,敬仰

lose heart 灰心,泄气

lose no time 立即

lose sight of 看不见

at a loss 困惑;亏本地

be lost on 对…不起作用
 a lot of 大量,许多;非常

lots of 大量,许多

lots and lots 许许多多(的)

be in love with 跟…恋爱

fall in love with 相爱,爱上…

make love to 向…表示爱情

at lowest 至少,最低

be loyal to 忠于

in the main 基本上,大体上

major in 专攻,专修

made up of 由…组成,由…构成

make as if 假装;装作

make away (急忙)离去;逃走

make away with 携…而逃;摧毁;浪费

make beds 铺床叠被

make down 改小(衣服)

make for 走向,向…前进;冲向

make fun of 嘲笑;开…玩笑

make off with 携…而逃

make one's way 前进;成功,发迹

make out 开列;书写;辩认出

make out of 用…制造出;理解

make over 把(财产)转让;改造

make up 拼凑;组成;补偿

make up for 补偿,弥补

make up to 接近;巴结;向…求爱

a good many 大量的,许多,相当多

many a 许多的,一个又一个的

mark down 记下;标低(商品)价目

mark off 划分出

mark out 划分出;规划

mark out for 使…注定要

mark time 原地踏步,停止不前

mark up 把…标出

in the mass 总体上,整个儿地

the mass of 大多数,大部分

as a matter of fact 事实上;其实

no matter 无论(…),不管(…)

may as well 最好,不妨

by all means 尽一切办法;一定

by means of 用,凭借,依靠

by any means 无论如何

by no means 决不,并没有

measure up 合格,符合标准

measure up to 符合,达到,够得上

take one's measure 量尺寸;打量,估计

meet up with 偶尔碰见

meet with (偶尔)遇见;碰到

from memory 凭记忆

in memory of 纪念…

make mention of 提及

not to mention 更不必说

at the mercy of 在…支配下

have mercy on 对…表示怜悯

make a mess of 把…弄糟

bear in mind 记住

change one's mind 改变主意

keep one's mind on 专心于

make up one's mind 决定,下决心

mind you 听着,请注意

never mind 不要紧,没关系

by mistake 错误地

mistake for 把…错认为

mix up 混全,混淆;搞糊涂

at the moment 此刻,目前;那时

for the moment 暂时;目前

in a moment 立即,立刻

the moment that 一…就…

more or less 或多或少;左右

no more 不再;不再存在;也不

no more...than... 不过;同…一样不

more than ever 超出任何时候

more often than not 时常,在更多情况下

not more than 至多;不比…更

what is more 而且;更重要的是

at most 最多,至多,不超过

make the most of 充分利用;极为重视

move about 走来走去,总是搬家

move off 离去,走掉

move on 继续前进

as much as 尽…那样多;差不多

make much of 重视;充分利用

much less 更不

much more 更加,何况

not much of a 不是一个好的

not so much...as... 与其说是…不如说是…

not think much of 对…估价不高

without so much as 甚至于不…

nail up 把…钉牢;把(门)钉死

on the nail 立即;当场;在讨论中

by name 名叫;用名字

by the name of 名叫

in the name of 以…的名义;代表

name after 用…的名字作名字

by nature 生性,本性上

in nature 性质上;实际上

in the nature of 具有…的性质的

near by 在附近

near to 接(靠)近;几乎要

not nearly 远非,相差很远

in the negative 否定地,否决

by all nerves 高度不安,神经紧张

lose one's nerves 变得慌张,不知所措

neither...nor... 既不…也不…

at night 天黑时;在夜里

by night 在夜间;趁黑夜

night after night 一夜又一夜地

night and day 日以继夜地

none but 只有

none the less 仍然,依然

not at all 不点也不;别客气

not but that 虽然

not in the least 毫不

make a note of 把…记下来

take note of 注意(到)

take notes 记笔记

nothing but 只有;只不过

think nothing of 把…看成平常

to say nothing of 更不必说

give notice 通知

have notice of 接到通知

take notice of 注意,留心

now and then 时而,不时

from now on 今后,从现在起

just now 现在,眼下;刚才

now that 既然,由于

a number of 一些,许多

any number of 许多

beyond number 多得数不清

to the number of 合计数为…

without number 多得数不清的

a hard nut to crack 棘手的问题

give occasion to 引起

on occasion 间或,有时

occur to 被想到

off and on 断断续续地,不时地

and so on 等等

all at once 突然;同时;一起

at once 立刻,马上;同时

once for all 一劳永逸地

once in a while 偶尔,间或

once more 再一次,又一次

by oneself 独自地,单独地

only too 非常,实在

not only...but 不但…而且

only that 要不是…

in the open 在户外;在露天

keep one's eyes open 留心看着;保持警惕

open out (打)开;开发;表明

bring into operation 实施,使生效

come into operation 施行;生效;开始工作

in order 整齐;状况良好

in order that 以便,为了…

in order to 以便,以…为目的

out of order 不整齐;发生故障

take order to do 采取适当办法去做…

take order with 安排,处理

every other 每隔一个…的

none other than 不是别人而正是

other than 不同于;除了

be out for 为图要;一心为

out of 在…外;离开…;缺乏

all over again 再一次,重新

over and above 在…之上;重于

over and over 一再地,再三地

owing to 由于,因为

of one's own 属于某人自己的

on one's own 独自地;主动地

at a good pace 相当快地

keep pace with 与…齐步前进

take pains 尽力,努力,下苦功

in part 在某种程度上;部份地

play a part 扮演角色;参与…

take part in 参加…,参与…

take part with 与…站在一边,袒护

in particular 特别,尤其;详细地